本代码是从uchome的代码修改的,是因为要解决uchome的效率而处理的。
封装的方式比较简单,增加了只读数据库连接的接口扩展,不使用只读数据库也不影响原代码使用。
有待以后不断完善。。

为了方便,试试建立了google的一个项目:http://code.google.com/p/MySQL-rw-php/ 希望给有需要的朋友带来帮助。

PHP实现的Mysql读写分离

主要特性:

简单的读写分离
一个主数据库,可以添加更多的只读数据库
读写分离但不用担心某些特性不支持
缺点:同时连接两个数据库
英文比较烂,也写几个字吧

php code for mysql read/write split
feature:
simply rw split
one master,can add more slaves
support all mysql feature
link to the master and slave at the same time

PHP代码:

mysql_rw_php.class.php

<?php
/****************************************
*** mysql-rw-php version 0.1 @ 2009-4-16
*** code by hqlulu#Gmail.com
*** http://www.aslibra.com
*** http://code.google.com/p/mysql-rw-php/
*** code modify from class_mysql.php (uchome)
****************************************/
class mysql_rw_php {
  //查询个数
  var $querynum = 0;
  //当前操作的数据库连接
  var $link = null;
  //字符集
  var $charset;
  //当前数据库
  var $cur_db = ”;
  //是否存在有效的只读数据库连接
  var $ro_exist = false;
  //只读数据库连接
  var $link_ro = null;
  //读写数据库连接
  var $link_rw = null;
  function mysql_rw_php(){
  }
  function connect($dbhost, $dbuser, $dbpw, $dbname = ”, $pconnect = 0, $halt = TRUE) {
    if($pconnect) {
      if(!$this->link = @mysql_pconnect($dbhost, $dbuser, $dbpw)) {
        $halt && $this->halt(’Can not connect to MySQL server’);
      }
    } else {
      if(!$this->link = @mysql_connect($dbhost, $dbuser, $dbpw)) {
        $halt && $this->halt(’Can not connect to MySQL server’);
      }
    }
   
    //只读连接失败
    if(!$this->link && !$halt) return false;
   
    //未初始化rw时,第一个连接作为rw
    if($this->link_rw == null)
      $this->link_rw = $this->link;
    if($this->version() > ‘4.1′) {
      if($this->charset) {
        @mysql_query(”SET character_set_connection=$this->charset, character_set_results=$this->charset, character_set_client=binary”, $this->link);
      }
      if($this->version() > ‘5.0.1′) {
        @mysql_query(”SET sql_mode=””, $this->link);
      }
    }
    if($dbname) {
      $this->select_db($dbname);
    }
  }
  //http://www.knowsky.com/php.asp 连接一个只读的mysql数据库
  function connect_ro($dbhost, $dbuser, $dbpw, $dbname = ”, $pconnect = 0){
    if($this->link_rw == null)
      $this->link_rw = $this->link;
    $this->link = null;
    //不产生halt错误
    $this->connect($dbhost, $dbuser, $dbpw, $dbname, $pconnect, false);
    if($this->link){
      //连接成功
      //echo “link ro sussess!<br>”;
      $this->ro_exist = true;
      $this->link_ro = $this->link;
      if($this->cur_db){
        //如果已经选择过数据库则需要操作一次
        @mysql_select_db($this->cur_db, $this->link_ro);
      }
    }else{
      //连接失败
      //echo “link ro failed!<br>”;
      $this->link = &$this->link_rw;
    }
  }
  //设置一系列只读数据库并且连接其中一个
  function set_ro_list($ro_list){
    if(is_array($ro_list)){
      //随机选择其中一个
      $link_ro = $ro_list[array_rand($ro_list)];
      $this->connect_ro($link_ro['dbhost'], $link_ro['dbuser'], $link_ro['dbpw']);
    }
  }
  function select_db($dbname) {
    //同时操作两个数据库连接
    $this->cur_db = $dbname;
    if($this->ro_exist){
      @mysql_select_db($dbname, $this->link_ro);
    }
    return @mysql_select_db($dbname, $this->link_rw);
  }
  function fetch_array($query, $result_type = MYSQL_ASSOC) {
    return mysql_fetch_array($query, $result_type);
  }
  function fetch_one_array($sql, $type = ”) {
    $qr = $this->query($sql, $type);
    return $this->fetch_array($qr);
  }
  function query($sql, $type = ”) {
    $this->link = &$this->link_rw;
    //判断是否select语句
    if($this->ro_exist && PReg_match (”/^(\s*)select/i”, $sql)){
      $this->link = &$this->link_ro;
    }
    $func = $type == ‘UNBUFFERED’ && @function_exists(’mysql_unbuffered_query’) ?
      ‘mysql_unbuffered_query’ : ‘mysql_query’;
    if(!($query = $func($sql, $this->link)) && $type != ‘SILENT’) {
      $this->halt(’MySQL Query Error’, $sql);
    }
    $this->querynum++;
    return $query;
  }
  function affected_rows() {
    return mysql_affected_rows($this->link);
  }
  function error() {
    return (($this->link) ? mysql_error($this->link) : mysql_error());
  }
  function errno() {
    return intval(($this->link) ? mysql_errno($this->link) : mysql_errno());
  }
  function result($query, $row) {
    $query = @mysql_result($query, $row);
    return $query;
  }
  function num_rows($query) {
    $query = mysql_num_rows($query);
    return $query;
  }
  function num_fields($query) {
    return mysql_num_fields($query);
  }
  function free_result($query) {
    return mysql_free_result($query);
  }
  function insert_id() {
    return ($id = mysql_insert_id($this->link)) >= 0 ? $id : $this->result($this->query(”SELECT last_insert_id()”), 0);
  }
  function fetch_row($query) {
    $query = mysql_fetch_row($query);
    return $query;
  }
  function fetch_fields($query) {
    return mysql_fetch_field($query);
  }
  function version() {
    return mysql_get_server_info($this->link);
  }
  function close() {
    return mysql_close($this->link);
  }
  function halt($message = ”, $sql = ”) {
    $dberror = $this->error();
    $dberrno = $this->errno();
    echo “<p style=\”position:absolute;font-size:11px;font-family:verdana,arial;background:#EBEBEB;padding:0.5em;\”>
        <b>MySQL Error</b><br>
        <b>Message</b>: $message<br>
        <b>SQL</b>: $sql<br>
        <b>Error</b>: $dberror<br>
        <b>Errno.</b>: $dberrno<br>
        </p>”;
    exit();
  }
}
?>

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